Nigerian troops have been caught on video carrying out abuses against civilians as part of their fight against the Islamic extremist group Boko Haram in the northeast, Amnesty International said Tuesday. The international human rights group also accused the military of killing of more than 600 released prisoners.
The violence against civilians constitutes “war crimes,” Amnesty alleged.
One graphic video shows military personnel and civilian vigilantes calling five detainees from a row of 16 young men and boys, then slitting their throats one by one before dumping the bodies into an open grave.
The rights group described the civilian vigilantes as “state-sponsored militias.”
The Nigerian military is studying the video footage “with a view to identifying those behind such acts,” said Defense Headquarters spokesman Chris Olukolade in an email. He added there will be “legal action against any personnel or anyone found culpable.”
Amnesty said it obtained the footage from “numerous sources” in Borno State, the militant group’s birthplace and stronghold. The footage reveals “graphic evidence of multiple war crimes being carried out in Nigeria,” according to Amnesty. The group said it independently confirmed from several military sources that the armed captors in the footage “were indeed military personnel.”
More than 4,000 people — mostly civilians — have been killed this year alone “by all sides” of the conflict, said Amnesty. This compares to an estimated 3,600 people killed in the first four years of the Islamic extremist insurgency.
The video footage is “proof of the appalling crimes being committed with abandon by all sides in the conflict,” said Salil Shetty, Amnesty International’s secretary general.
“Nigerians deserve better. What does it say when members of the military carry out such unspeakable acts and capture the images on film?” Shetty said.
Amnesty said the videos are supported by numerous testimonies that suggest that extrajudicial executions are regularly carried out by the Nigerian military and the civilian militia.
Some of the footage was apparently taken on March 14, the same day that Boko Haram broke into a military detention center in Giwa barracks, freeing hundreds of prisoners. Amnesty says the military recaptured more than 600 of these prisoners and killed them.